Diabetes in Pregnant Women

Pregnancy Diabetes Signs Very often future mother may even not suspect of gestational diabetes, since it doesn’t show itself in mild cases. That is why it is important to undergo blood glucose test. In case of the slightest sugar increase, a doctor prescribes a more thorough examination which is called ‘oral glucose tolerance test’ or ‘a 24-hour glycaemic profile’. This method lies in not fasted measurement of sugar, but in intake of a glass of water with diluted glucose. Normal indicators of blood sugar on an empty stomach: 3.3 – 5.5 mmol/L. Pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance): blood sugar on an empty stomach is more than 5.5, but less than 7.1 mmol/L. Diabetes: blood sugar on an empty stomach more than 7.1 mmol/L or more than 11.1 mmol/L after glucose intake. Since blood sugar level is diverse at different time of the day. Sometimes it may not be exposed during examination. There is one more test to check it which is called glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Glycosylated (i.e. connected with glucose) hemoglobin reflects the level of sugar in blood over not the present day, but the preceding ones (7-10 days). If once a time, blood sugar level is higher than norm, the test HbA1c will detect it. For this purpose, it is practiced on a wide scale in order to control the quality of diabetes therapy. Mild and severe cases of diabetes may be manifested in the following ways: Strong thirst; Frequent and opulent urination; Keen hunger; Blurred vision. Since pregnant women are often thirsty and hungry, these symptoms are not direct indication to diabetes. Only regular testing and doctor’s examination will prevent from its occurrence.